Are you looking to explore some of the most amazing places in East Africa within your budget? Take a vacation in some of Africa’s prides and discover the truth of Africa being the home of tourist destinations in the world! Here are some of the cheapest African safari destinations in East Africa;
Kenya is a country rich in wildlife, culture, history, beauty and friendly, welcoming people. Kenya is geographically diverse, from snow-capped mountain peaks to extensive forests to wide-open plains.
Kenya has a population of more than 38 million people, with about four million residing in its capital city, Nairobi. There are 42 ethnic groups who call Kenya home; each group has its own unique language and culture. Although Kikuyu is the largest ethnic group, the Maasai are the most well known due to both their long-preserved culture and their involvement in Kenyan tourism. Kenya is also home to immigrants of other nationalities, including Europeans, Asians, Arabs and Somalis. Kenya’s official languages are English and Swahili.
Game Safaris and tours are Kenya’s biggest attractions, drawing many visitors to the country each year. Kenya manages more than 20 national parks and national reserves, where visitors can view some of the country’s most spectacular wildlife, including the “Big Five” animals. In fact, the “Big Five” are the central focus of the majority of safari tours and wildlife expeditions offered within the parks. Kenya’s most popular game park is the Maasai Mara which borders the Serengeti plains in Tanzania. Between July and September, visitors can witness the remarkable annual wildebeest migration which takes place at the Mara.
A Kenyan Safari.
What is a Kenyan Safari?
When can you go on a Kenyan Safari?
How can you budget for a Kenyan Safari?
What are some of the best Kenyan safari destinations in East Africa?
What are the best Kenyan travel agencies in East Africa?
Excursions in Nairobi.
The Maasai called it Enkare Nyirobi, meaning “the place of cool waters.” Today it is fondly referred to as the Green City under the sun. The area that is now Nairobi Was once frequented by the Maasai in search of water for their flock. In 1890, the British settled there as a camping site while constructing the Mombasa to Kisumu railway line, and the city has never looked back since then.In 1905, Nairobi became the capital of the British East Africa Protectorate and in 1963, it became the capital of independent Kenya.
Nairobi National Park.
Nairobi national Park is Kenyas oldest National park and the first to be established in east Africa. It is the crown jewel of Kenyas conservation drive, and is very unique in its offerings.
The Giraffe Centre.
The Giraffe Centre, founded in 1979, is the creation of the African Fund for Endangered Wildlife, and is where the Rothschilds Giraffe was saved from extinction. Visitors get an opportunity to come into close contact with these tall graceful animals
The Mamba Village and Ostrich Park.
The Mamba Village and Ostrich Park are located just up the road from the Bomas of Kenya, off Lang’ata road. Mamba is the Swahili word for crocodile. It is always thrilling to watch the families of crocodiles beside their shadow pools.
The David Sheldrick Animal Orphanage.
It is situated on the edge of Nairobi National Park. Here, dedicated men and women go through the task of rehabilitating and rearing of orphaned baby elephants. Daphne Sheldrick founded it in 1977 in honour of her late husband and famous naturalist, David Leslie. The orphanage is a charitable organization and is open to visitors.
The Nairobi National Museum.
It is the custodian of Kenyas cultural and natural heritage, and thus collects, preserves and presents the past and the present for today and posterity. It is home to a variety of cultural and natural history exhibits. The displays include prehistoric artefacts, birds, animals and fossils from various tribal groups.
The Kenya Railway Museum.
It represents the historical growth of Kenya through the construction of the railway line from Mombasa to Kisumu. It consists of the main Gallery, the Resource Centre, The Auditorium and the outdoor collection of steam engines built at the turn of the century.
The Bomas of Kenya.
It is located in the outskirts of Nairobi about one kilometre from the entrance to the Nairobi National Park Boma is a swahili word for village.The Bomas of Kenya exhibits various traditional homesteads of the Kenyan communities complete with their inhabitants.
The Karen Blixen Museum.
It is about 20 minutes’ drive out of the city centre. Karen Blixens house has much of its original features still intact. Photographs and original oil portraits painted by Ms Blixen adorn the walls showing glimpses of life in this former coffee plantation.
The Arboretum Forest.
This is a beautiful masterpiece of forest tucked away off State House road and very near the City Centre.It is possible to get there on foot, or taxi. The forest has a stunning collection of trees, each of which has a rich history ranging from the exotic to the indigenous.
Mt. Kenya National Reserve.
Central Kenya, just North of Nairobi, is the home of Mt. Kenya. Its climate is generally cooler than than of the rest of the country due to the regions relatively higher altitude. The community in Central Kenya predominantly consists of the bantu speaking Agikuyu, Aembu and Ameru. Central Kenya is generally fertile land with hilly terrain and as a result, the region has stunning views of rolling hills carpeted with all manner of crops. Livestock farming also forms a mainstay for the people, and much of Kenya’s dairy industry is based in Central Kenya.
It is best known for being the home of the famous Treetops hotel where Princess Elizabeth became Queen of England in 1952. Part of the range is protected as The Aberdares National Park which is a world class Tourist destination and conservation area.
Mt. Kenya National Reserve.
This is the highest Mountain in Kenya and the second highest mountain in Africa after Mt. Kilimanjaro located in Tanzania. The reserve straddles the equator and the entire mountain contour forms Mt. Kenya National Park. Mountain climbers must undergo acclimatization before climbing to reduce the risk of altitude sickness.
The falls are located about 65 km away from Nairobi off Thika-Garissa Road turning at Makutano Junction, and about 40 kilometres from Thika town. The base of the falls is characterized by large boulders and the powerful sounds of water gushing over rocks as it cascades down the 25 foot drop.
Near the Fourteen falls lies Kilimambogo, a swahili word for the Mountain of the Buffalo and home to the late Great philanthropist Sir Macmillan.
Excursions at the Coast.
The long white sandy beaches are home to some of the most versatile marine species in the world, with the abundance of beautiful bright corals, dolphins, butterfly fish, sharks and turtle, complimented by a large number of red and yellow tuna and snappers. The Kenyan coast is also rich in history dating back to over one thousand years, epitome by the Vasco Da Gama Pillar and Fort Jesus. Its very diverse culture has been influenced by a mixture of Swahili, Portuguese and European cultures from Italy, German, France and England.
Excursions in Mombasa.
The Bombolulu workshops are located along the north coast of Mombasa. Founded in 1969, Bombolulu Workshops is a project of the Association for the Physically Disabled in Kenya. (APDK) It is a major tourist attraction which consists of a cultural centre with 8 traditional homesteads. The Centre also runs a traditional restaurant and entertains guests with traditional dances throughout the day.
Fort Jesus overlooks the entrance to the old port of Mombasa. It was built in 1593 by the Portuguese to protect their trade route to India. The forts interior comprises of torture rooms and prison cells where slaves were kept in captivity before being traded. It is hailed as one of the best examples of the 16th century Portuguese military architecture.
The Hindu Temples.
They are a popular tourist spot and a tour can usually be taken inside the temple, with a historical background of the particular temple given by one of the temple gurus. Extravagant idols and stone carvings of the various religious beliefs are typically displayed within the temple and on its walls.
The Mombasa Tusks.
These are symbolic representations of entrance into the heart of the town. The tusks were bult to commemorate the visit of Queen Elizabeth to the town in1952, as they lay directly on the path from the port to the town. Coincidentally, the tusks also spell the letter M for Mombasa.
Mombasa Old Town.
This is the part of Mombasa that is reminiscent of the days when the Arabs exerted a heavy influence on the town and its culture, especially in the architecture and Swahili. Old Town is well known for its ancient buildings, extravagant art designs and curio shops that sell antique and popular Kenyan souvenirs.
This is the largest animal sanctuary in Mombasa. Located next to the Bamburi Cement Factory, the park boasts an enormous variety of animals, reptiles, insects and botanical gardens. Walking along the trail is the ideal way to look at the various animals, and on many occasions holding or feeding a reptile such as a snake is allowed under close supervision of a guide.
The village is situated in Nyali and is East Africa’s largest crocodile farm. Atour of the farm starts with a movie on the life cycle and the behaviour of crocodiles, followed by a comprehensive tour of the rest of the farm, and ends with the highlight of the day: a spectacular scene of blood thirsty crocodiles fighting for food during feeding time.
Mombasa Marine Park.
The Marine Park is located in Mombasa town along the Kenyan Coast. The Park comprises of sea waters, mangroves, sea grasses, and sea weeds. The park is home to a variety of marine life. Other spectacular attractions include the sand beach and coral gardens. The park is a popular snorkelling and diving location.
Excursions in Malindi.
Malindi Marine Park.
The Park lies south of Malindi around 118 km from Mombasa Town. The marine park is endowed with magnificent resources such as fringing reefs, coral reefs, coral gardens in the lagoons, sea grass beds, mangroves, mudflats, and high fish diversity, marine mammals, turtles and various species of shorebirds.
Watamu Marine National Park.
Watamu National Park Is part of a complex of marine and tidal habitats along Kenya’s north coast. It is enclosed by the Malindi Marine National Reserve which also enclosed Malindi Marine National Park. The Mida Creek forest has a high diversity of mangrove species including Ceriops tagal, Rhizophora mucronata and Sonneratia alba.
The largest remnant of the East African coastal forest, its about 100km north of Mombasa near the Indian Ocean. From Mombasa to Malindi road, 15 km south of the Watamu-Gede junction. It is managed under the memorandum of understanding by the Kenya Forest Service, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, and National Museum of Kenya. Its part of the EA coastal forest endemic bird area and has one of 60 important bird areas in Kenya.
Gede Ruins Museum.
This is the most talked about Swahili site in Gede, located 16 km south of Malindi. It was founded in the 12th century AD. Gede was a large and prosperous town which flourished until its abandonment in the 17th century. Excavation unearthed numerous domestic, religious and commercial structures. A walk through this ancient town reveals numerous species of flora and fauna.
It is located south of Malindi along the Mombasa-Malindi road.. The creek covers around 32 square kilometres and is composed of extensive mudflats and mangrove forests that attract a wide variety of flora and fauna. Along the sheltered creeks and estuaries can be seen many species of mangroves.
Tsavo East and West National Parks.
Tsavo East & West.
The joint mass of Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks forms one of the largest National Parks in the world and covers a massive 4 percent of Kenya’s total area. Tsavo East, the larger of the two, lies to the east of Nairobi-Mombasa road, equidistant between Nairobi and Mombasa.
The sight of elephants wallowing, rolling and spraying each other with the midnight blue waters of the palm shaded Galana river is one of the evocative images of Africa.
Taita Hills rise to a maximum elevation of 2208m above sea level at Wuria Peak. Most of the hill is covered by the Taita Hills forest. The Taita Hills Forest hold a unique biodiversity with 13 types of plants and 9 types of animals found only in the Taita Hills and nowhere else in the world.
Excursions in Kwale.
Shimba Hills National Reserve.
The Shimba Hills National Reserve was gazetted as a National Forest in 1903, grassland areas were incorporated in 1924 and several subsequent extensions took place to bring the reserve to its present size. In 1968, most of the reserve was double gazetted as the Shimba Hills National Reserve. Two smaller areas to the west adjoining the reserve and almost entirely forested remain as Forest Reserves; Mkongani North and Mkongani West Forest Reserve.
These caves are located around 75 km south of Mombasa, in the centre of a village. The caves have several chambers. The most prominent of all the chambers is a religious shrine used by the local community, which is said to have been used in the past for hiding and imprisoning slaves.
Excursions in Lamu.
Kiunga Marine National Park.
The Marine ecosystem incorporates a chain of about 50 calcareous offshore islands and coral reefs in the Lamu Archipelago, running parallel to the coastline for about 60 km and adjacent to Dodori and Boni National Reserves on the mainland.
It was built between 1813 and 1821 in the southern corner of the old stone town, encouraging new development, particularly on the seafront. The fort is a massive multi-storey building with a central courtyard which has become an image of the Lamu community, being now used for weddings, meetings and theatre productions.
National Parks in Rift Valley.
The Great Rift Valley is the continuous geographic trough about 6000km long, that cuts through Africa and run from Syria in North West Asia to Mozambique in East Africa. The name was given by the late 19th century explorer, John Walter Gregory. Scientists say that the Rift Valley was formed around 20 million years ago when the earths crust weakened and tore itself apart creating the jagged rift across the African continent.
This is the largest of the Rift Valley covering an area of 6405 square kilometres. The Lake is located about 650 km from Nairobi.It was originally known as Lake Rudolf, a name given by the first Europeans who saw it in 1888.
Sibiloi National Park.
This Park is also known as”The Cradle of Mankind” It lies on the North Eastern shore of Lake Turkana in Northern Kenya, about 800 km from Nairobi. The semi desert ecosystem was established to protect wildlife and the unique prehistoric and archaeological sites, some of which are linked to the origin of man.
This Museum reflects Kenya’s political history. It is the site where several of the founding fathers of the Kenyan Nation were detained during the struggle for independence It also focuses on Pokot culture. The Kapenguria six, the founding fathers of the nation include; Mzee Jomo Kenyatta, Kungu Karumba, Fred Kubai, Paul Ngei, Bildad Kaggia and Ramogi Achieng Oneko.
Buffalo Springs National Reserve.
It is separated from the Samburu National Reserve by the Ewaso Nyiro River. The reserve draws its name from an oasis of limpid crystal clear water at the western end of the sanctuary. During the struggle for independence in Kenya, the Mau Mau used the park as their tactical retreat.
The conservancy was started in 2004 with the aim of bringing peace between the neighbouring communities of the Pokot and the Maasai who often clashed over grazing lands. The conservancy includes the former Maasai village of Longicharo at the north eastern corner of the lake, which has now been abandoned.
Amboseli National Park.
Amboseli lies North West of Mt. Kilimanjaro, on the border with Tanzania. It was established as a reserve in 1968 and gazetted as a National Park in 1974. The park covers 390.26 sq.km, and forms part of the much larger 3000, sq km.
This is a 70m scenic waterfall on the Ewaso Nyiro River, which drains from the Aberdare Mountain Ranges. It is situated near Nyahururu town in Central Kenya, at 2360 m above sea level. In 1883, Joseph Thomson was the first european to reach Thomson Falls, and named them after his father.
Hells Gate National Park.
Despite its rather alarming title, Hells Gate National Park provides the ideal venue for any day trip from Nairobi, a truly panoramic picnic spot, or an evocative camping stop over. Cleft deep into the floor of the Rift Valley, this relatively small park provides endless bio-diversity and is one of the only two Kenyan Parks to allow walking or cycling without an official KWS escort.
Mt. Longonot National Park.
It lies 90 km from Nairobi. The ecosystem mainly comprises of Mt. Longonot which rises to 2,776m above sea level. On the sides of the mountain are v shaped valleys and ridges with little vegetation; however a thick forest occurs within the crater.
The Museum is located near Nakuru town. The results of numerous excavations yielded three major ares of prehistoric settlement; the oldest dating to 3000 years and the youngest to possibly 300 years. The Museum displays ethnographic materials of the people in the Rift Valley, archaeology and local ecology.
The acheulian site is located about 90 km south west of Nairobi on Magadi road. It is characterized by displays of prehistoric materials including numerous hand axes, fossilized skeletons of extinct species of elephant and hippo dating back to 1.2 million years ago.
Lake Nakuru National Park.
The park lies 140 km north west of Nairobi. The ecosystem comprises of the lake, surrounded by mainly wooded and bushy grasslands. The park supports a wide ecological diversity with flamingos and other water birds being major attractions in the area. The ecosystem provides for about 56 different species of mammals including the white rhino and a wide variety of terrestrial birds numbering nearly 450 species.
Saiwa Swamp National Park.
Rippling quiet waters meander beneath the boardwalk amidst rustling reeds and bulrushes, as a glimpse of the sleek Sitatunga antelope catches you by surprise. Sounds of nature fill the air as the rare De Brazza’s monkey rattles a branch and birds swirl in flight.
The Maasai Mara is the predator capital of the world and the home of the famous migration. A balloon safari of this jewel of Africa is the ultimate experience. Balloon flights fly daily from Fig Tree camp and our experienced pilots will guide you over the 8th wonder of the world!
National Parks in Eastern and Northern Kenya.
Eastern and North Eastern Kenya are vast and cover the frontier town Maralal, Marsabit, Embu, Machakos, Kitui and Makindu. Due to the rough terrain and the remoteness of the area, it is still inhabited by the tribal communities that have been hardly touched by the 20th century civilization, such as the Boran, Samburu, Rendille and Turkana. This makes the area an ideal destination for those who want to touch base with traditional culture.
Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park.
It is located about 85 km north east of Nairobi Machakos County. The ecosystem constitutes a mountain which is entirely covered with dense montane forest except for a small area at the top Buffalos are the dominant animals in the ecosystem. The park also has 45 species of birds, bushbuck, leopard, olive baboon, colobus monkey and many more.
Meru National Park.
Few places offer a more genuine wilderness ambiance than the remote and rugged Meru and Kora national parks. They are favorites of safari experts and professionals alike. Brilliantly painted on a magnificent scale, these sister parks feature luxuriant jungle, coursing rivers, verdant swamp, khaki grasslands, gaunt termite cathedrals and an ever-evolving dance between the clouds and the sky.
Samburu Game Reserve.
Is located on the banks of the Ewaso Nyiro river and covers 165 square kilometres in size. In the middle of the reserve,the river flows through doum palm groves and thick riverine forests that provide water without which the game in the reserve could not survive in the arid country.
Western Kenya boasts of farm county with evergreen vegetation, beautiful rolling hills, vast maize, sugarcane and tea plantations. The region boarders Rift valley and Nyanza regions, with Kakamega being the provincial headquarters, and is the home to the Abaluhya community. Abaluhya is a communal name derived from the word courtyard. When the clans gathered around the fires in the old days, any new comer would be asked to which courtyard they belonged.
Kakamega National Reserve.
The Tropical rainforest is a canopy of natural beauty that stretches across most parts of central Africa. As a relic of this African equatorial jungle, it is now famous around the world for being home to one to several species of birds, snakes, insects, monkeys and other mammals as well as a vast tree species portfolio.
Weeping Stone of Ilesi.
The legendary weeping stone of Maragoli, located at Ilesi along Kisumu-Kakamega Highway is connected with many legends and myths. This is a huge rock from which a constant stream of water cascades. It is associated with good harvest
This was the site, in 1895, of a last – ditch stand by the Bukusu group of the Luhya tribe against the British colonialists who wanted to conquer them. The fort was built on the hill by Chetambe Ifile, a Tachoni warrior from where he mobilized his troops to resist colonial rule, leading to the 1895 massacre in which more than 450 people were killed by the British.
One kilometre away from Chetambes fort, along River Nzoia, you will find Nabuyole Falls. Tourists troop here to watch the water cascade from a height of 7 metres to the rocks below.
Destinations in Nyanza.
Nyanza is home to the second largest fresh water lake in the world, Lake Victoria and is known for fish eating. The province is located in the south western part of Kenya bordering Uganda. The provincial headquarters of Nyanza is Kisumu which is also the third largest city in Kenya. Kisumu was originally known as Port Florence and came into existence when the railway from Mombasa reached there in 1901.
This is a 600 acre viewing area on the shores of Lake Victoria. Despite its name, it is better known as a viewing point for its unobstructed sunsets over the lake than for its occasional hippos. Hippo point is near the village of Dunga, a few kilometers south west of the town. The village also has a shipping port and a camping site.
Kisumu Impala Sanctuary.
The sanctuary is one of Kenya’s smallest wildest preserves right at the edge of Lake Victoria. As its name suggests, it is home to a herd of Impala. Some hippos as well as many reptiles and birds are also present. Additionally, several caged baboons and leopards that faced difficulties of one sort or the other in the wild are held in cages there.
Is a large rock with three rocks on top located off Kisumu- Bondo Road. Kit Mikayi means “Stones of the first wife” or “First Wife Rocks” in Dholuo, the Luo language. It is a weeping rock and the local people believe that Mikayi, the first wife, went up the hill to the stones when her husband took a second wife, and has been weeping ever since.
This is the most important and largest exhibition the UNESCO-sponsored Ber-gi-dala. The museum buildings are set to look like a Luo homestead replicating the culture of the area with the museums main gallery facing the entrance just like a typical Luo homestead. It is located within the town.
A Tanzania Safari.
What is a Tanzanian Safari?
When can you go on a Tanzanian Safari?
How can you budget for a Tanzanian Safari?
What are some of the best Tanzanian safari destinations in East Africa?
What are the best Tanzanian travel agencies in East Africa?
Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas. They include the plains of Serengeti National Park, a safari mecca populated by the “big five” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino), and Kilimanjaro National Park, home to Africa’s highest mountain. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar, with Arabic influences, and Mafia, with a marine park home to whale sharks and coral reefs.
Tanzania possesses several principal National Parks, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area which includes the famous Ngorongoro crater, and a number of Game Reserves of which some may in future be designated National Parks.
Manyara is noted for its wealth in birdlife. At times the lake is visited by many thousands of Lesser Flamingos, together with a sprinkling of the larger species. Maccoa Ducks and White-backed Ducks are resident, and the beautiful little Pygmy Goose is sometimes observed. Numbers of elephant are resident in Manyara. Buffalo are common and herds of 300-400 have been recorded. Black Rhinocerous are very uncommon. Leopards occur in most places and it is not unusual to come across them in the early morning or late evening.
A network of roads and tracks gives the visitor maximum game and bird viewing opportunities. The tree climbing lions of Manyara are famous for this behaviour which may also be observed in Ngorongoro and Serengeti.
Places to Visit.
Tarangire National Park.
Tarangire National Park is a national park in Tanzania’s Manyara Region. The name of the park originates from the Tarangire River that crosses the park. The Tarangire River is the primary source of fresh water for wild animals in the Tarangire Ecosystem during the annual dry season.
Lake Manyara is the seventh largest lake of Tanzania by surface area, at 470 square kilometres. It is a shallow, alkaline lake in the Natron-Manyara Balangida branch of the East African Rift in Manyara Region in Tanzania. It is said by Ernest Hemingway to be the “loveliest lake in Africa”.
Lake Manyara National Park.
Located on the way to Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti, Lake Manyara National Park is worth a stop in its own right. Its ground water forests, bush plains, baobab strewn cliffs, and algae-streaked hot springs offer incredible ecological variety in a small area, rich in wildlife and incredible numbers of birds.
Babati Rural District is a district of Manyara Region of Tanzania, East Africa. The administrative capital of the district is Babati town, 172 km south of Arusha. The district covers an area of 6,069 km², a large proportion of which is covered by the water bodies of Lake Babati, Lake Burunge and Lake Manyara.
Lake Balangida is a shallow alkaline lake in the Natron-Manyara-Balangida branch of the East African Rift in north-central Tanzania. The area surrounding Lake Balangida is used for agriculture and grazing.
Hot Spring Kikuletwa / Chemka.
The hot springs of Kikuletwa, also known as Chemka Hot Springs, are close to the village of Rundugai and are one of the most beautiful places in Tanzania to relax. The small pond is surrounded by palm and fig trees with winding roots. In the morning, Blue Monkeys can often be observed in the trees, whilst the crystal clear, turquoise water invites you to a refreshing bath. Although they are called hot springs, the water in Kikuletwa is not truly ‘hot’ but refreshing, as the water source is fed by Kilimanjaro itself.
At lower altitudes, the park consists of mountain rain forest, giving way to scrub there is no bamboo zone on Kilimanjaro then alpine moorland and finally icefields. Easiest access to the mountain is from Marangu on the southern slopes, whence the Marangu mountain track, passable for four wheel drive vehicles, leads to the upper edge of the forest. There are huts on the mountain for mountain climbers and hotels at Marangu.
The most interesting mammal in the mountain forest is Abbot’s Duiker, an extremely local and uncommon antelope restricted to a few mountain forests in northern Tanzania. In addition Elephant, Buffalo, Black Rhino, Eland, Leopard, Black and White Colobus and Blue Monkey occur in the Park.
Of special note among Kilimanjaro birds in the alpine zone are Lammer – geyer, Mountain Chat and Scarlet tufted Malachite Sunbird; among forest species the following warrant enumeration.
Places to Visit.
Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo’s crater rim, Kibo is a cone on the Kilimanjaro. The Tanzania National Parks Authority, a Tanzanian government agency, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization lists the height of Uhuru Peak as 5,895 m (19,341 ft), based on a British survey in 1952.
Mandara hut, is a village of A-framed huts in a forest clearing on the Marangu Route. Each hut features 6-8 sleeping bunks with solar generated lighting, with a camp capacity of up to 60 mountain climbers. Water is piped into the camp from springs above and there are flush toilets behind the main hut.
Kibo is the largest cone on the Kilimanjaro and is more than 24 km (15 mi) wide at the Saddle Plateau altitude. The last activity here, dated to 150,000–200,000 years ago, created the current Kibo summit crater. Kibo still has gas-emitting fumaroles in its crater. Kibo is capped by an almost symmetrical cone with escarpments rising 180 to 200 metres (590 to 660 ft) on the south side.
Lava Tower is a vertical protrusion of volcanic rock poking skyward out of the side of Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, Africa. It is a very imposing castle of rock that at first sight looks very technical. It is situated at 15,100 feet on the way up the western side of Kili. Mountain climbers heading to the summit via the Lemosho route, up the Western Breach will spend one or two nights camped at the base of Lava Tower.
The Lemosho route is considered the most scenic trail on Kilimanjaro, granting panoramic vistas on various sides of the mountain. As one of the newer routes, Lemosho is a superb choice for your climb. It is our preferred route due to its ideal balance of low crowds, beautiful scenery and a high summit success rate.
Mawenzi is a cone on Kilimanjaro. It forms a horseshoe-shaped ridge with pinnacles and ridges opening to the northeast, with a tower-like shape resulting from deep erosion and a mafic dyke swarm. Several large cirques cut into the ring. The largest of these sits on top of the Great Barranco gorge. Also notable are the Ost and West Barrancos on the northeastern side of the mountain.
The Chaga are Bantu-speaking indigenous Africans and the third largest ethnic group in Tanzania. They traditionally live on the southern and eastern slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru and near Moshi. Their relative wealth comes from the favorable climate of the area and successful agricultural methods, which include extensive irrigation systems, terracing, and continuous organic fertilization methods practiced for thousands of years.
The Rebmann Glacier is an active glacier located near the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. It is a small remnant of an enormous ice cap which once crowned Kilimanjaro. This ice cap has retreated significantly over the past century; between 1912 and 2000, 82 percent of the glacial ice on the mountain disappeared.
The Umbwe route has a well-deserved reputation of being the most challenging route on Mount Kilimanjaro. Due to the fast ascent to high altitude, this route does not provide the necessary stages for acclimatization. Although the number of people on this trail is very low, the chances of success are also low.
The Ngorongoro Conservation area was established in 1959. Previously, most of the area and the famous Ngorongoro Crater had formed part of the now contagious Serengeti National Park. The dual purpose of the Conservation Area is to conserve the regions natural resources and also to safeguard the interests of the indigenous Maasai inhabitants, who continue to reside there with their herds of cattle.
Places to Visit.
Olduvai Gorge is a site in Tanzania that holds the earliest evidence of the existence of human ancestors. Paleoanthropologists have found hundreds of fossilized bones and stone tools in the area dating back millions of years, leading them to conclude that humans evolved in Africa.
Lake Ndutu forms a shallow basin where water accumulates from the nearby areas of slightly higher altitude. The water is extremely saline, too saline for human consumption. Lake Ndutu becomes alive with animals during the migration because it is surrounded by the Ndutu woodlands and the Short Grass Plains, which provide ample cover and food.
Ol Doinyo Lengai.
Ol Doinyo Lengai, “Mountain of God” in the Maasai language, is an active volcano located in the Gregory Rift, south of Lake Natron within the Arusha Region of Tanzania, Africa. Part of the volcanic system of the East African Rift, it uniquely produces natrocarbonatite lava.
Ol Doinyo Lengai is the only known active volcano with a type of lava that can move faster than a person.
Olmoti name comes from Maasai language meaning cooking pot. Olmoti crater floor covered with grassy suitable for grazers include Maasai cattle and wild animals. Munge River flows in crater surface form a beautiful waterfall in the area and important source of fresh water for wildlife in Ngorongoro area.
Olmoti crater is special place for hike and walking within crater floor and crater rim covered by mountain forest with wild animals. Also you can enjoy long walking from Embulbul depression, Salei plains to Empakai crater and Lake Natron below Rift valley wall.
Serengeti National Park.
Serengeti is the largest and best known of Tanzanias National Parks. Its Northern boundary abuts Kenyas Maasai Mara Game Reserve, whilst its western extension known as the ‘corridor’ reaches to within 8 km of Lake Victoria. In this world famous wildlife sanctuary, there still exists the greatest and most spectacular concentration of game animals found anywhere in the world. Serengeti is also renowned for its lion population. During May, June, July and sometimes earlier, there is a remarkable migration of game animals, chiefly Zebra and wildebeest, away from their usual haunts on the central plains and into the corridor.
Places to Visit.
Lake Masek is located in Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Ndutu between the vast of plains of Serengeti. Next to it is Lake Masek Tented Lodge which is located right on the shores of Lake Masek.
Moru Kopjes is home to the remaining population of black rhinos in the park. The Serengeti Rhino Project has a visitor’s center here where one can learn more about the conservation strategies being employed. Another highlight at Moru is Gong Rock where a short walk leads to a series of Maasai paintings. Just to the east lies the saline Lake Magadi, a great spot for pink flamingos to gather.
Simba Kopjes are the tallest kopjes in the Serengeti National Park and, as the kiswahili name suggests, they are an excellent place to spot lions; Simba actually means lion.The tallest kopje is called “Soit Naado Murt” in Masai language, meaning ‘the long-necked stone’. This area is home to giraffes and baboons, and many species of birds.To the South there is a small hippo pool, while to the West lie Lake Magadi swamps and salt flats, where numerous pink flamingos can be viewed.
Maasai Kopjes form the Eastern natural boundary of the magnificent Seronera Valley. Massive stacks of rounded boulders often made hollow by erosion, that seem to have been heaped upon one another, rise above the landscape, abruptly interrupting the smooth skyline of the surrounding plain, while a lot of vegetation grows around the kopjes.
Retina Hippo Pool.
This is one of the few places in the Serengeti National Park where you can leave the jeep and see hippos up close, and take advantage of great photography opportunities offered from one of the observation points.Here is a picnic area where you can take a break or enjoy breakfast or lunch; on the sand you can see the unmistakable clover-shaped fingerprints left by these huge animals when, overnight, they leave the pool to graze on the grass around.
Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja and Pemba Island. Zanzibar is one of the Indian Ocean islands. It is situated on the Swahili Coast, adjacent to Tanganyika (mainland Tanzania). The sultans developed an economy of trade and cash crops in the Zanzibar Archipelago with a ruling Arab elite. Ivory was a major trade good. The archipelago, sometimes referred to by locals as the Spice Islands, was famous worldwide for its cloves and other spices, and plantations were developed to grow them. Zanzibar was seen as an important hub, as it provided access to the East African mainland. It was Oman that became the first to trade slaves, cloves, and ivory from the East African Mainland. … So the island became an Arab state and an important hub for trade and politics in the region.
Places of Interest.
Zanzibar Stone Town.
Stone Town, also known as Mji Mkongwe, is the old part of Zanzibar City, the main city of Zanzibar, in Tanzania. The newer portion of the city is known as Ng’ambo, Swahili for ‘the other side’. Stone Town is located on the western coast of Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar Archipelago.
Zanzibar is actually an archipelago with the two main Islands of Zanzibar (also known as Unguja, the larger one) and Pemba (the smaller of the two).
House of Wonder.
The House of Wonders or Palace of Wonders is a landmark building in Stone Town, Zanzibar. It is the largest and tallest building of Stone Town and occupies a prominent place facing the Forodhani Gardens on the old town’s seafront, in Mizingani Road. It is located between the Old Fort and the Palace Museum.
Old Fort of Zanzibar.
The Old Fort, also known as the Arab Fort and by other names, is a fortification located in Stone Town, the capital of Zanzibar. It is the oldest building and a major visitor attraction of Stone Town.
The Zanzibar archipelago is reputed to have some of the best diving in the world. The waters around the island are awash with colourful marine life.
The beaches on the east coast include Matemwe, Pwani Mchangani, Kiwengwa, Uroa, Bwejuu and Jambiani. The sea is generally fairly shallow here – at high tide it can cover the beach and at low tide it almost seems to disappear.
Hamamni Persian Baths.
The Hamamni Persian Baths are an historical building of Stone Town, Zanzibar. The name Hamamni is also used to refer to the neighbourhood where the building is located. The Baths were built between 1870 and 1888 for sultan Barghash bin Said for use as public baths, and maintained this function until 1920.
Jozani is a village on the Tanzanian island of Unguja. It is located in the southeast of the island, 3.1 miles south of Chwaka Bay, close to the edge of the Jozani-Chwaka Bay National Park. It is primarily a farming community of about 800 people.
Jozani is also famous for rare red Colobus monkeys and even harder to spot – Zanzibar Sykes’ monkey, a very rare monkey species unique to Zanzibar. Along with Red Colobus Monkeys you can expect to see Bushbaby, 50 different species of butterflies and 40 species of birds.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.
The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a biodiverse, mountainous area in southwest Uganda. It’s home to many of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas, who feed on roots, leaves and fruits from the park’s many tree and fern species. Restricted numbers of viewing permits help protect the endangered gorilla families. In the park, rough paths weave amid dense forests, which are home to many butterflies and birds.
Queen Elizabeth National Park.
Queen Elizabeth National Park is understandably Uganda’s most popular tourist destination. The park’s diverse ecosystems, which include sprawling savanna, shady, humid forests, sparkling lakes and fertile wetlands, make it the ideal habitat for classic big game, ten primate species including chimpanzees and over 600 species of birds.
Murchison Falls National Park.
Murchison Falls National Park sits on the shore of Lake Albert, in northwest Uganda. It’s known for Murchison Falls, where the Victoria Nile River surges through a narrow gap over a massive drop. Park wildlife includes elephants and hippos, and there are chimpanzees in the Kaniyo Pabidi mahogany forest. The Lake Albert Delta is home to rare shoebill storks. There are game fish in the cascades of Karuma Falls.
Entebbe is a town on a peninsula in Lake Victoria, in Central Uganda. Area beaches include busy Lido Beach, near Entebbe International Airport. The lakeside Uganda Wildlife Education Centre protects native animals in wetland, forest and savanna habitats. Nearby, Entebbe Botanical Garden has diverse plants, birds and monkeys.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a Ugandan national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Rwenzori Mountains. Almost 1,000 km² in size, the park has Africa’s third highest mountain peak and many waterfalls, lakes, and glaciers. The park is known for its beautiful plant life.
Fort Portal is the best place to tour in the whole of Western Uganda as its weather is very unique. It doesn’t shine for too long and it doesn’t rain for too long. It has the perfect weather for tourists and the food is amazing. So many hotels (which is actually the main business) have been put up and anybody visiting Fort Portal shouldn’t be worried of where they will crash for the night.
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